The kidneys perform various essential roles in the body, notable among which is the production of urine. Through urine, the kidneys discharge excess water, poisons, and nitrogenous waste products of metabolism, like urea from the body. As simple as this crucial function may look, its failure results in the build-up of these toxic substances within the body affecting the health and well-being of the individual.
Fortunately, the color of the urine can serve as an indicator that provides helpful information regarding the status of the kidneys and the body as a whole.
The natural urine is clear with a straw yellow to amber color. Here are likely colors of your urine and what they could imply for your health:
Straw Yellow To Amber
The color shows you are well hydrated. However, dark shades of yellow such as thick yellow or brown/honey could be signals to dehydration. Often, the urine color normalizes as you increase your fluid consumption.
Transparent Or Colorless
The urine color points to excessive dilution of urine due to excess water. Use of diuretics or diabetes insipidus, indicates failure of the kidneys to react to the hormone leading to the passage of generous quantities of diluted urine. It’s necessary to note that if extreme hydration due to drinking too much or use of diuretic medications has been eliminated, there is a need to consult your doctor for additional evaluation.
Red Or Pink
Red bloody urine (haematuria) is usually an alarm sign that warrants expert evaluation since it often points to issues along the urinary tract varying from infections, cancers, stones, and trauma. However, certain items like beets, blueberries, and red dyes may also make the urine red. Besides, the presence of hemoglobin in the urine, sepsis and malaria can color the urine with a shade of dark red also expressed as coke-colored.
Cloudy Or Milky Urine
It often implies a bacterial urinary tract infection, particularly when a burning sensation accompanies it during urination. The appearance of lymphatic fluid in the urine (chyluria) may also give a similar picture.
Orange discoloration of the urine can happen after taking some medicines like rifampicin and Pyridium. Rifampicin is a first-line anti tuberculosis medication. Similarly, consuming orange foods like carrots can append an orange tinge to the urine.
It may be the result of the collection of conjugated bilirubin due to severe liver damage. A liver dysfunction should be suspected if dark brown urine is characterized by yellowness of the sclera and skin, (jaundice) or passage of pale stools. Moreover, the urine may also seem brown on account of severe dehydration or consumption of fava beans.